Israel’s economic blockade of the Gaza Strip affects every aspect of the country’s consumption. While products can still get in, garbage can’t get out, creating an isolated system of junk. Residents face limited hours of electricity each day, a shortage of gas to run collection vehicles and limited materials for creating alternative solutions to waste management. The 365-kilometre enclave is filling up with waste. The three existing landfills in Gaza are, or will soon be, completely unusable. Half of the junk already ends up in unofficial dumps, and insufficient waste treatment facilities also…
See more

Exhibition Debut

Photos by Oscar Vinck, Niek Tijsse Klase, and Ines Glowania

Found Maps of the Gaza Strip

Map of Gaza’s Chemical Elements Characterisation by M.F. Abu-alnaeem et al.

Map of Gaza’s Crop Type by El-Hawi et al.

Map of Gaza’s Chloride Concentration by Basem Shomar et al.

Map of Gaza’s Dumpsites and suitable areas by El-Hawi et al.

Map of Gaza’s Dissolved Solids by Basem Shomar et al.

Map of Gaza’s Access and Movement by UN OCHA

Map of Gaza’s Cultivated and Urban Areas by M.F. Abu-alnaeem et al.

Map of Gaza’s Electric Conductivity by Basem Shomar et al.

Map of Gaza’s Geological Areas by M.F. Abu-alnaeem et al.

Map of Gaza’s Illegal Dumpsite Locations by UNDP

Map of Gaza’s Isolation and Area by UNSCO

Map of Gaza’s Enviromental Hotspots by Basem Shomar et al.

Map of Gaza’s Base Terrain by Basem Shomar et al.

Map of Gaza’s Governate Boundaries by El-Hawi et al.

Map of Gaza’s Iron Concentration by Basem Shomar et al.

Map of Gaza’s Isolation by UN OCHA

Map of Gaza’s Land Use by El-Hawi et al.

Map of Gaza’s Isolation by Applied Reseach Institute Jerusalem

Map of Gaza’s Isolation by UN OCHA

Map of Gaza’s Optimal Landfill Sites by El-Hawi et al.

Map of Gaza’s Movements In and Out by PBS Wide Angle

Map of Gaza’s Rainfall by El-Hawi et al.

Map of Gaza’s Landfill Locations by Ahmad AbdAlqader and Jehad Hamad

Map of Gaza’s Proposed Dumpsite Locations by UNDP

Map of Gaza’s Soil by El-Hawi et al.

Map of Gaza’s Situation by UNRWA

Map of Gaza’s Solid Waste Management by Municipal Development and Lending Fund

Map of Gaza’s Land Use by Basem Shomar et al.

Map of Gaza’s Solid Waste Dumpsite Locations by UNDP

Map of Gaza’s Solid Waste Dumpsites by El-Hawi et al.

Map of Gaza’s Topographic Classification by El-Hawi et al.

Map of Gaza’s Underground Water Depth by El-Hawi et al.

Map of Gaza’s Solid Waste Service Providers by UNDP

Map of Gaza’s Soil Types by Basem Shomar et al.

Map of Gaza’s Water Level by M.F. Abu-alnaeem et al.

Map of Gaza’s Terrain by Applied Reseach Institute Jerusalem

Map of Gaza’s Road Network by El-Hawi et al.

Map of Gaza’s Service Providers by Marco Caniato and Mentore Vaccari

Map of Gaza’s Wastewater Treatment Plants by Applied Reseach Institute Jerusalem

Map of Gaza’s Zinc Contentration by Basem Shomar et al.

Arabic Interviews on Taking Out the Trash in Gaza

Interview With Abeer Original Arabic

Interview With Ahmed Ismail Original Arabic

Interview With Fares Original Arabic

Interview With Hour Original Arabic

Interview With Hosam Original Arabic

Interview With Ibra Original Arabic

Interview With Ibrahim Original Arabic

Interview With Ihab Original Arabic

Interview With Mohammed Original Arabic

Interview With Naser Original Arabic

Interview With Omar Original Arabic

Interview With Osama Original Arabic

Interview With Seren Original Arabic

Interview With Shimaa Original Arabic

Interview With Uday Original Arabic

Interview With Waseem Original Arabic

Interview With Wesam Original Arabic

Interview With Yousef Original Arabic

English Interviews and Translations

Interview With Saba Original English

Interview With Tareq Original English

Interview With Hosam Translation To English Voice By Zebulon Griffin

Interview With Omar Translation To English Voice By Thomas Davies

Interview With Shimaa Translation To English Voice By Tasminder Marsh

Interview With Wesam Translation To English Voice By Anonymous

Hand-Drawn Maps of Taking Out the Trash in the Gaza Strip

Installation Sketches

Map of the Isolated System of Junk in the Gaza Strip

The Isolated System of Junk in the Gaza Strip

Ines Glowania

Israel’s economic blockade of the Gaza Strip affects every aspect of the country’s consumption. While products can still get in, garbage can’t get out, creating an isolated system of junk. Residents face limited hours of electricity each day, a shortage of gas to run collection vehicles and limited materials for creating alternative solutions to waste management. The 365-kilometre enclave is filling up with waste. The three existing landfills in Gaza are, or will soon be, completely unusable. Half of the junk already ends up in unofficial dumps, and insufficient waste treatment facilities also compromises the drinking water supply through pollution.

Ines Glowania surveys Gaza’s trash problem from the top-down and the bottom up, presenting an overview of the waste system and a series of interviews with local residents. This seemingly simple act of “taking the trash out” becomes a trigger for revealing the realities of living in Gaza. When it comes to junk, Gaza is a closed system, but so is our planet. Gaza can be read as a parable for global waste mismanagement and the consequences of unregulated consumption.

Credits

Interviews by Tareq AL Hendi

References

A. Majid Nassar and Luay Qrenawi, Assessment of Solid Waste Dumpsites in Gaza Strip (Environment Quality Authority, March 2007). Link

Ahmed Fahmi Abdalqader, “Landfills Needs Assesment in Gaza Strip and Sites Selection Using GIS” (PhD diss., Islamic University of Gaza, 2010). Link

Entsar Abu Jahal, “Can Gaza get a handle on its waste problem?” Al-Monitor, February 14, 2019. Link

Erika Weinthal and Jeannie Sowers, “Targeting infrastructure and livelihoods in the West Bank and Gaza,” International Affairs 95, no. 2 (March 2019): 319–340. Link

George R. Mitchell, “Gaza—uninhabitable by 2020?” The Press and Journal, March 18, 2018. Link

Jeannie L. Sowers, Erika Weinthal, and Neda Zawahri, “Targeting environmental infrastructures, international law, and civilians in the new Middle Eastern wars,” Security Dialogue 48, no. 5 (2017). Link

Salman Zafar, “Waste Management in Gaza Strip,” EcoMENA, April 12, 2019. Link

Status of the Environment in the State of Palestine 2015, eds. Jad Isaac and Khaldoun Rishmawi (Jerusalem: Applied Research Institute, 2015). Link

United Nations Country Team in the occupied Palestinian territory, Gaza Ten Years Later, July 2017. Link

United Nations Environment Programme, Environmental Assessment of the Areas Disengaged by Israel in the Gaza Strip, 2006. Link

“‘Well-being of two million’ in Gaza at stake as emergency fuel runs dry: UN humanitarian coordinator,” UN News, August 8, 2018. Link

Zafrir Rinat, “Gaza Ranks High on World’s Garbage Map,” Haaretz, September 16, 2015. Link

Bio

Ines Glowania is a research-based designer from Germany with a master degree in Information Design. In her work she combines methods of journalism and performance with design. Her projects reflect on how the (cultural, political, economical) systems we are living in, influence the way humans act in the world.

Contacts

inesglowania.com Link

@inesglowania Link